Whites in England and Wales have the lowest life expectancy of any ethnic group, according to a major report.
Caucasians were also more likely to die from cancer than any other group between 2011 and 2014, according to the first such study by the Office for National Statistics.
The life expectancy of British white women was 83.1 years, while men were expected to live 79.7 years.
Black African women had the longest life expectancy of 88.9 years, followed by Bangladeshi women (87.3). Asian men had the highest life expectancy at 84.5 years.
The researchers said the higher cancer rates among whites, along with the increased likelihood of them drinking alcohol and smoking, put them down on the death list. Cancer deaths were lowest among Indians, Pakistanis and other Asian groups.
Low rates of heart disease among blacks and the higher proportion of recent migrants in certain ethnic groups have increased their life expectancy, as people who migrate tend to be healthier than others, according to the ONS.
But experts noted that death rates changed dramatically during the Covid pandemic, which disproportionately affected black and Asian ethnic groups.
The researchers found that white women lived only 83.1 years, while men lived 79.7 years – the shortest of the 10 ethnic groups studied. Meanwhile, people in the “Other Asian” category, which includes anyone not belonging to the Bangladeshi, Indian and Pakistani groups, had the highest life expectancy of 86.9 years for women and 84 years. , 5 years for men.
Among men, mixed-race, white and black Caribbean men had the shortest life expectancies
Among women, mixed, white and black Caribbean had the shortest life expectancy
The ONS used data from the 2011 census – a self-reported survey of the UK population – as well as 1.3 million death records from 2011 to 2014 to estimate the lifespans of different ethnic groups and their causes. death.
The study aimed to identify and improve health in different ethnic groups and find out where further analysis is needed.
The researchers found that white women lived only 83.1 years, while men lived 79.7 years – the shortest of the 10 ethnic groups studied.
Asian groups had the highest life expectancy – 86.9 years for women and 84.5 years for men – followed by Bangladeshis (87.3 and 81.1), black Africans (88.9 and 83.8) and the black Caribbean (84.6 and 80.7).
Then come other black groups (86.8 and 82), Indians (85.4 and 82.3), half-breeds (83.1 and 79.3).
Men in “other” groups – which the ONS says include Arabs and Chinese – are expected to live to 86.9 years, while women to 84. Pakistanis had the second death rate, with males living at 84.8 and females at 82.3.
Researchers concluded that cancer and heart disease are the biggest killers, together accounting for 61% of all male deaths and 53% of all female deaths in England and Wales.
But the proportion of deaths caused by these conditions varies among ethnic groups, with the figure rising to 64.7% of all black Caribbean men who died, while it fell to 55% for the “mixed” ethnic group.
White men had the highest risk of dying from cancer, with 382 in 100,000 deaths from the disease.
Meanwhile, men in the “Other Asian” category had half the risk of dying from cancer, killing only 175 men per 100,000.
Among women, white women were the most likely to die from cancer (265), followed by mixed race (243), while Indian women were the least affected (144).
Heart disease and other diseases related to blood vessels – such as blood clots – were most likely to kill Bangladeshi (451), mixed race (393) and Indian (381) and Pakistani (276), mixed race (270) and Indian men (266) women.
Cancer was most likely to kill white men and women, while some Asian groups were least exposed to the disease
Heart disease and other blood vessel-related illnesses – such as blood clots – were most likely to kill the Bangladeshi, causing 451 deaths per 100,000 people, followed by Métis (393) and Indian (381) and Pakistani (276) men. ), Métis -race (270) and Indian (266) women.
Covid reduced life expectancy of ‘drooping jaw’ by three YEARS in North West England after region experienced highest death rate in the country
High Covid death rates in the Northwest have lowered the life expectancy of men and women in the region by 2.8 years combined, study finds.
A report released last month by University College London found that a high Covid death rate and deprivation contributed to a drop in life expectancy in the North West region, which was larger than the average in England.
Life expectancy fell on average in England last year by 1.3 years for men and 0.9 years for women, but it fell further in the North West, where it fell by 1 6 years for men and 1.2 years for women.
The report also found that people in Manchester were 24% more likely to die from Covid than the rest of England.
Researchers have calculated that 307 men and 195 women per 100,000 in Greater Manchester died from Covid between March 2020 and April 2021.
That figure was higher than in the rest of England, where 233.1 men and 142 women per 100,000 died from the virus during the same period.
Professor Sir Michael Marmot, director of IHE, said the figures were “breathtaking”.
The region’s high death rates and “particularly damaging long-term economic and social effects” will adversely affect health and worsen health inequalities if action is not taken, he said.
His report proposes that the government invest in jobs, housing, local services and education to tackle these long-term problems.
Brain diseases were the most likely to kill Bangladeshi men and women, compared to all other groups.
Black Caribbean and “other black” ethnic groups were most at risk of dying from hypertensive disease, which are disorders associated with high blood pressure.
Deaths from diabetes were lowest among whites, but the disease was more likely to kill Bangladeshis and Pakistanis.
Meanwhile, lung cancer was the most likely to kill white, mixed, and Banglaseshi groups, and bowel cancer was the greatest risk for white men and black women in the Caribbean.
White and black Caribbean women were at the highest risk for breast cancer, while prostate cancer was the most likely to kill black Caribbean men and black African men.
The ONS noted that its results on life expectancy are higher than the data it previously released, so it may have been slightly overestimating its numbers.
Julie Stanborough, deputy director of health and life events analysis at ONS, said: “More research is needed to investigate the reasons for the differences.
“However, these results reveal important patterns of ethnic life expectancy and mortality that are complex, but nonetheless consistent with most previous studies.”
Potential explanations for the differences could be past migration patterns, socioeconomic composition of groups, health behaviors, and clinical and biological factors.
The ONS said groups of black Africans and “other Asians” probably had the highest life expectancy as they contain the highest proportion of more recent migrants. Previous studies have found that migrants are healthier than other groups, he said.
Asians and blacks are less likely to engage in harmful behaviors like smoking and drinking alcohol, the ONS said.
Previous research from Public Health England found that the Bangladeshi, Pakistani and black ethnic groups are more likely to live in deprived areas, which is likely to shorten their life expectancy.
The relationship between deprivation and health is “well established,” but more research is needed on how this relationship applies to different ethnic groups, the ONS said.
Researchers noted that the coronavirus pandemic contrasted with its death results from other causes, as the virus has killed more Bangladeshis and Pakistanis, as well as black Caribbean men.