A new report from the Columbia University Justice Lab released Tuesday, Jan. 22, reveals that probation and parole rates (collectively referred to as âcommunity correctionsâ) are disproportionately higher for blacks and Native Americans than for their white counterparts. âThe Wisconsin Community Corrections Story,â commissioned by criminal justice reform advocacy group JustLeadershipUSA, focuses on Wisconsin, where the number of people on conditional supervision and length of stay exceed the national average.
According to the study, Wisconsin has the second highest level of racial disparity in prison incarceration nationally, with blacks being jailed at 11.5 times the rate of their white counterparts. For many people of color there, their involvement with the criminal justice system is largely the result of traffic violations and the resulting fines, which “can be the start of a ripple effect. snow creating structural disadvantages that make meeting community corrections requirements more difficult for people of color. “
From the study:
At the end of 2017, one in eight black men between the ages of 18 and 64 were under community corrections, more than five times the rate for white men. Among Native American men of the same age, one in 11 was under community correctional supervision in 2017, a rate four times that of white men. Black women in Wisconsin are supervised at more than three times the rate of white women, and Native American women are supervised at more than six times the rate of white women. Wisconsin’s disparities are significantly higher than national disparities in surveillance rates.
[â¦] At the end of 2017, blacks made up 42% of all those incarcerated for revocations in Wisconsin (including 43% for technical offenses), even though blacks made up only 25% of those supervised by the Division of Community Corrections in Wisconsin. the state. Blacks have been incarcerated for technical breaches of surveillance at a rate more than twice that of whites. Revocation rates were equally high for Native Americans, whose supervision was revoked at a rate 1.7 times the rate among whites under community correctional supervision.
The study then offers recommendations for creating a more just and equitable community corrections system in the state, such as closing the Milwaukee Secure Detention Center (MWSDF), find alternatives to revocation programs outside of MWSDF and the reduction of probation and parole periods.
Read the full report here.